42nd Regiment of Foot|Site Info
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Welcome!

Celtichugs a posted Jan 30, 14
Welcome to the 42nd Regiment of Foot the Black Watch website!
 
'In a Highland Regiment every individual feels that his conduct is the subject of observation and that, independently of his duty, as one member of a systematic whole he has a separate and individual reputation to sustain, which will be reflected on his family and district or glen.'
- A 19th Century Black Watch historian

Founded in the 10th of April 2012, after the release of Mount&Blade: Warband - Napoleonic Wars, as the 42nd Regiment of Foot - the Black Watch from veterans from the Mount&Musket mod ofWarband, choosing to represent the most senior and - arguably - most famous Highland Regiment. The Regiment has since gone through the rocks and weathered many storms, nearly crashing and coming to an end once or twice, however through comradeship and common sense of "play for fun" the Regiment has come out the better through it's trials. With a sense of historical appreciation and immersion, we can structure our Regiment through the use of historically accurate Ranks and formations. Now, while we realise it is only a game the history and appreciation of the historical 42nd and modern Black Watchis never far away.

We play using custom re-skinned texture models for the ingame 42nd, which gives the unit a much more seen-battle feel, while giving the Officers kilts.

 Now the Regiment is a strong, solid unit which boasts good attendance and performances at Events and Linebattles. The 42nd prides itself of a sense of friendship and community, being much more than a Regiment we present ourselves as a gaming community which, infact, play 90% of game-time outside of Warband. While discipline and structure is used during Training, Events and Linebattles we still retain an ethos of banter and relaxation in TeamSpeak and within the community in general.


***


   Events Schedule
Tuesday - Linebattle 7pm GMT
Wednesday - Linebattle 7pm GMT
Friday 
- NA Linebattle 1am GMT 
Saturday - Training 6pm GMT & Linebattle 7pm GMT
Sunday - Linebattle - 7pm GMT


In addition to the above, we often have "Mod Nights" and other dedicated gaming sessions.

 
 
Nemo Me Impune Lacessit
No one attacks me with Impunity
Highlander Regiments History Overview

'In a Highland Regiment every individual feels that his conduct is the subject of observation and that, independently of his duty, as one member of a systematic whole he has a separate and individual reputation to sustain, which will be reflected on his family and district or glen.'
- A 19th Century Black Watch historian.

From Stirling Castle, one could look Northward to the tumbling sea of hills, mountains and Glens. The home of a proud and poetic people once described as "the unpredictable dark Celt". For centuries this rugged land saw wars and clan feuds, but as time wore on some Clan chiefs saw the need and opportunity for some sort of policing force. It was realised that the warlike Highlanders, themselves, could provide this police force. So, the Six Independent Companies were formed.

On 25th of October 1739, Letters of Service were given to the Earl of Crawford for forming a Regiment of Foot, recruiting from the Six Independent Highland Companies (the Highland Watch). This new Regiment of Foot would then take the name of the 43rd Regiment of Foot. However, this was - for their part - not the first Highland Regiment formed, 50 years earlier King William raised several units of Highland Regiments, only to be disbanded when peace ensued. These Regiments though, never aesthetically pertained to their Highland origins; indeed they were undistinguished visibly from their Lowland Scots and English contemperies.

This new 43rd Regiment of Foot however wore bonnets, short over-coats and the belted plaid. In addition to this, the Regiment was given pistols, dirks and the famous Scots Broadsword. This in turn made this Regiment, and indeed all Highland Regiments, more expensive to "kit-out" and arm.

For Highlanders of this time and within Highland culture, a Highlander no matter how humble he was counted himself as a gentleman. As such these soldiers were noted for their keenness to impress and maintain a respect of oneself, to earn respect from his comrades, officers and from his home. For a Highlander, gentleman or no, the baring of arms and the service in army life was seen as a great honour - one which would grant much reputation and respect to his Clan and Glen.

"Many of these men who composed these companies were of a higher station than that from which soldiers in general are raised ... men who felt themselves responsible for their conduct ... to a country for which they cherished a devoted affection
... When this regiment was first embodied, it was no uncommon thing to see private soldiers riding to the exercising ground followed by servants carrying their firelocks and uniforms."


This gentlemanly ignorance and snobbishness, however, had to be soon dissipated as there could be no more walking grandly onto the parade ground or battle-field. Instead these once mere policemen were drilled to be proper British Army soldiers and drilled in the platoon exercise and the other skills needed to be an Infantryman. Their job, of course, was no longer policing the grey hills and dour Glens of the Highlands, but now they had to manoeuvre as a proper Regiment and trade volleys with the enemy. This was not what some of them had enlisted for of course...

Therein the seeds of mutiny were sown. In 1743, members of the 43rd mutinied. However, it remained only a small part of the Regiment's number that took to the mutiny, reportedly to have been led by "new recruits" and those of more-humble backgrounds, however this was to be snubbed as some of the mutineers were found to actually own their own broadswords - something of status and therefore of less-humble origins.

After the Jacobite Risings, though, the Goverment saw that there was a large pool of soldiers and officers to recruit from within the Highlanders - mainly due to the Highlanders want for steady employment after the disastrous (for the Highland people) Highland Clearances and Jacobite rebels looking for absolution. Not only did the Goverment found themselves with deep pool to recruit from, but it found itself with willing and very able soldiers requiring very little training to perform well in battle. Keith's 87th Highlanders and Fraser's 72st Highlanders both performing well in Flanders and America despite both being given very little in the way of training.
"which was the more remarkable, as they were no other than raw recruits just arrived from their own country..."

The 1745 Jacobite Rebellion "The Forty Five"

In 1745 the Jacobite Rising erupted. With the shipping of the 43rd to Flanders, there was a huge lull in policing the Highlands, stepping to the breach was John, Earl of Loudon's 64th Highlanders. However, with the Rising growing, recruits were short to come by and thus left the Regiment under-strength in numbers and training. The Regiment's effort to still the tide of rebellion was difficult and as a result, the Regiment failed. In the wake of set-backs the Goverment decided that such tasks should be left to "regular soldiers". The Earl of Loudon's men were disbanded in 1748 and the 43rd were posted in Ireland were they were renumbered as the 42nd and never again reassumed their role as Highland Watchmen.

Officers and Recruitment

"The people of this country are so much attached to their masters that with them they do scruple going to any distant country. But I was afraid should I send a part of the men and I do not go with them... They would take it in their heads they were to be sent to other regiments, and not to your Grace's; which would occasion a great stagnation in my recruiting."
- Captain George MacKay of Bighouse.

There was a well settled ethos and principle that the company commanders appointed to new Regiments should be experienced soldiers, and fewer officers than first appeared were related, however distant, to commanding officers. For example out of all the old 78th's officers, only one quarter were surnamed Fraser. However, for an officer to acquire a confirmation of his commission, he needed to acquire a certain number of recruits. Unfairly, though for a Highland officer, he had to recruit Highlanders, and could obviously only do so in Scotland. Whereas, an English officer could, if needed, buy men from a 'crimp' and so could, in theory, end up with a rabble though with a larger recruitment pool that a Highland Officer.

Highland officers thought it much wiser to contact local gentlemen within the Glens and clans and already established soldiers from the Highlands rather than rely on the Regimental Agent. This too, would in turn recruit further recruits - as each man's influence would spread through his clan, Glen or acquaintances.

This Highland way of recruiting led to a steady core of not just rankers, but of NCO's too. Most of whom would, if not be related in some manner, be acquaintances - this led to a greater bond amongst the soldiers and officers of a Highland regiment. Not only allowing for each man to "look after his own" but to also work harder to impress and maintain a level of respect from his peers. In some cases, old enemies would find themselves shoulder to shoulder on the field of battle as Clan rivalries, although diminished from past decades, still simmered. Though, this reportedly had a positive effect. NCO's of a Highland regiment, more often than not related to the commanding officer, found themselves in more pressure to perform and set an example than their non-Highland Regiment counterparts. Respect, reputation and "a man's worth" is so embedded into the Highland ethos, that when a NCO failed to recruit, or "scared away" a recruit he would be frowned upon by his family, friends and would lose 'credit' from his neighbours.

Clothing and Equipment

The most striking and obvious aesthetic difference between a Highland Regiment and that of other regions was their clothing and equipment. Highland Regiments were much more expensive to outfit.

Reported differences between a Highlander and a "normal" soldier.
Item Soldier Highlander Difference
sword 5s od 8s 6d 3s 6d
shoes 4s od 6s 8d 2s 8d
hose 1s 4d 3s 0d 1s 8d
hat 3s od 1s od 2s od

Firearms were not included in these prices as they were supplied by the Board of Ordinance and were returned on disbandment or retirement. Regiments were armed with the standard .75 calibre firelock, with a 46inch barrel. Earl of Loudon, though, his Regiment was armed with the carbine used by the Light Infantry Regiments. Most of the Highland units raised, though, were equipped with the rifle uniquely made for "Highlanders and Artillerymen" - made in 1756. Allowances were paid for, however, for the use of pistols for soldiers and NCOs. The theory behind this pistol usage, was that the Highlander would fire his firelock and engage the enemy with his broadsword in one hand and a pistol in the other - in a classic Highland Charge manner. However this soon came into question during fighting in Flanders and Germany.

Broadswords, in 1775, were withdrawn from Highland Regiments - a long tradition now set aside by their own will. Highland regiments were exempt from an Army Law that no sword was to be worn on the field. However in 1768 when the 42nd Regiment of Foot were inspected, their swords were noted to be "in store". Thus, with the famous sword not being used they were withdrawn from the common soldier. It latter came to surface that Highlanders, in fact, preferred the bayonet rather than the "cumbersome" broadsword.

"Lieutenant Colonel Stirling says that the Highlanders on several occasion declined using broadswords in America, that they all prefer bayonets..."

A large step-back from the early days, when the carrying of the broadsword was a privilege and honour for a Highlander. Though, dirks were still in use.

Highland Clothing

Clothing, as well as arms and equipment, were either modified or discarded. Famously, kilts were invented. With the pleites of the Plaid being sewn tighter together and with the Fly Plaid being removed outright. Soon the kilt almost completely replaced the Great Plaid bar from formal occasions. Kilts were at first made from worn-out plaids, but it was soon realised that they were more comfortable and suitable for army life that they completely replaced the kilt and even was made seperatley as opposed to being born from a worn plaid. Bonnets, too, were adjusted being made with less material than before.

Highland Regiments of the 18th Century.

These are just some of the Highland Regiments during the 18th Century, some of course also carried through to the 19th Century and the Napoleonic Era.

64th (Loudon's) Highlanders - Raised in 1745 and served in Scotland 1746 in detached companied - one fighting in Culloden. Properly embodied in 1747 and sent to Flanders. Took part in the defence of Bergen-op-Zoom, and disbanded in 1748. Uniform - White or dove grey facing. Gold braid for Officers. Red tartan sett, similar to modern Stuart of Bute.

77th (Mongomerie's) Highlanders - Raised in 1757 as 1st Highland Regiment. Served in America, at the taking of Martinique and the Havannah in 1762. Contingent fought at Bushy Run. Disbanded in 1763. Uniform - Facings originally red, but certainly green by 1761. Silver braid for Officers. Tartan probably Goverment sett.

78th (Fraser's) Highlanders - Raised in Inverness-shire in 1757 as the 2nd Highland Regiment, served in North America and most notably at Quebec. Disbanded in 1763. Uniform - White or very pale buff facings. Tartan reported as "reddish brown sett".
78th (Keith's) Highlanders - Raised in 1759 and served in Germany as part of the British Grenadier Brigade and disbanded in 1763. Uniforms - Green facings, gold braids for Officers. Tartan reported as the Goverment Sett with green hues.

114th (MacLean's or Royal Highland Volunteers) - Raised, though only six companies, in 1761. Uniform - Blue facing with Goverment Sett for tartan.

73rd Highlanders - Raised in 1778 and sent to Gibraltar were they took part on the siege there and disbanded in 1783. Uniform - Buff facings, thin silver braid for Officers and white lace with red line for OR's. Goverment sett tartan.

74th (Campbell's) Highlanders - Raised in 1778, half of Argyllshire and half in Glasgow and the Lowlands. Sent to American in 1778. Battalion Companies took part in the seizure of Penobscot (America's worst naval disaster before Pearl Harbour) and thereafter formed its garrison. Uniform - Bright yellow facings. Thin silver braid for officers. Their tartan was the Goverment sett.

78th (Seaforth's) Highlanders - Raised in Ross-Shire in 1778, but included Lowland Scots, also. Intended for service in India, however was temporarily garrisoned on Jersey and defended the Island from the French. When on voyage to India the Regiment lost some 230 men to diseases. Uniform - Yellow facings, though 1778 inspection reports say orange. Silver braid for Officers, goverment sett for tartan.

43rd Highland Regiment
1743-1748 - Raised from Independent Highland Watch Companies. Mutinied in 1743 but served in Germany and Flanders from 1743 till 1745, most notably at Fontenoy. Stationed in England until going back to Flanders in 1747. Sent to Ireland renumbered as the 42nd in 1749. Three additional companies recruiting in Scotland formed a 2nd Battalion, serving there during the rebellion and after until reduced in 1748.
1756-1763 - Sent to New York in 1756 and took part in the attack on Louisburg in 1757.
Uniform - Blue facings. Gold braid for officers arranged in square-end loops. The Plaids and tartan made from the Goverment Sett, the same sett with the red over stripe used for the kilts. The Light Company warring dirks instead of broadswords.

42nd Regiment of Foot, the Black Watch History

Raised from the Six Independent Companies (Highland Watch) that made up the "police force" of the unruly and troublesome Highlands. The 43rd Regiment of Foot was created. A group intended to become a fully-fledged Regiment of the British army. However, this Regiment was made up of the gentlemen of the Highlands - chief’s sons and other relatives - who were used to somewhat cushy lives, even as Highland Watch men who's hardest task was to be simply be seen.

"...it was no uncommon thing to see private soldiers riding to the exercising ground followed by servants carrying their firelocks and uniforms"

These gentlemen soon realised, though, that there officers and drill-masters were to make real soldiers out of them. They too were told they may be being shipped to the West Indies. Mutiny ensued. This mutiny was soon put aside, whose core was made up of the Highland gentry themselves.


The Regiment soon found themselves at the Battle of Fontenoy were they lost huge numbers of men but showed great prowess in battle. During these events, though, the Jacobite Rising occurred and the 43rd Regiment of Foot was shipped to Ireland were they were renumbered the 42nd Regiment of Foot.

During the Napoleonic Wars, the 42nd Regiment of Foot fought from Egypt to Spain and through to Waterloo. In Egypt the 42nd captured an Imperial Eagle, in Spain the 1st Battalion's stalwart defence saved the lives of other Regiment's and that of the military theorist and Scottish general John Moore. In France the 42nd gained huge fame and love from Wellington himself at the Battles of Quatre Bras and Waterloo.


During its life and to this day, the 42nd has carried - with pride - the epithet "Am Freiceadan Dubh " [Pro;Am RAYCH-kiten Doo] "The Black Watch". This name comes from the Regiment's Independent Companies (Highland Watch) for bares. The etymology and history of this nickname may not have come from its dark tartan - considering that the scarlet jacket they wore was bright. But, comes from "black", or "dubh" being a character description and that in Highland culture "black" also means "dour".

The Black Watch has had a long tradition of loyalty to the Church. It's first Chaplain, Dr Adam Ferguson, accompanied it in every battle and led it in worship, daily, both in peace and war.
The Regimental Collect

O God, whose strength setteth fast the mountains,
Lord of the hills to whom we lift our eyes:
grant us grace that we, of The Black Watch,
once chosen to watch the mountains of an earthly
kingdom, may stand fast in the faith and be strong,
until we come to the heavenly Kingdom of Him,
who has bidden us watch and pray.
Thy Son, our Saviour and Lord.

Amen

Battles of the 42nd Regiment of Foot, the Black Watch.

Battle of Fontenoy

The Regiment was first in action at the Battle of Fontenoy, soon after it's raising. Although this being an Allied and British defeat, the Black Watch gained huge credit and distinction with a French officer saying the Regiment were;

"Highland Furies who rushed in on us with more violence than ever did the sea driven by a tempest."

At this Battle, the Regimental Chaplain, Adam Ferguson reportedly joined the ranks of his comrades, broadsword in hand saying;

"Damn my commission!"

The Regiment suffered huge casualties, both in its famous Highland charges and when it was detailed to "cover" the retreating British army.

Ticonderoga

Next the Regiment was engaged in the French-Indian War. During the attack on Ticonderoga Fort more than half the Regiment the lost more than half of its men. With its reputation it acquired in this battle, it recruited a second Battalion, which in turn gained such prestige that it becomes a separate Regiment - the 73rd.

Napoleonic Wars

The Black Watch fought in dozens of battles during the Napoleonic Wars. During the Battle of Alexandria in 1801, a major in the Regiment captured a French Imperial Eagle.

At the Battle of Corunna, the wounded General John Moore was carried to safety by a soldier of the 42nd. Not only did the Regiment take the General to safety but they also played an important role in the victory for the British in the Battle.
At the Battle of Quatre Bras in 1815 the Black Watch fought in the most intense fighting. The Regiment was mentioned in Wellington's dispatches. Two Days later they fought at the Battle of Waterloo were they lost 289 men between themselves at the 73rd Highlanders.
Announcements, Changes & Updates

12/2/14

Hello, 42nd

 Here I shall explain (or rather re-explain) recent changes that have happened to the Regiment in the past month or so.

FSE Thread: I have spent some time updating the FSE Thread, which is our most important advert for the Regiment. I have changed the layout making it a little easier on the eye. I have re-added a little more in the history section from my "History of Highland Regiments" I did for the Regiment. Finally, and with alot of trouble, I placed the flags of each member's nation back into the Roster section. Using the blurbs from our ranks thread on the Website, I add them onto the FSE thread, including add the "Attached Duties".

The FSE Thread MUST be bumped atleast a few times a day, ESPECIALLY after a Linebattle. I DO take note of who and who doesn't bump the thread.

Website: As you can see I have revamped and improved the website, before it was fairly useless except as means of communication. However, now with upgrading the website (with my own money for now) we can use it as a good face for the Regiment, with it's improved background and music. I cleaned up the Forums a little too, which is still a WIP.

I have also added new tabs to the top of the Website; FSE, YouTube, History and Field Manual. The last of these being the most important, please check it out ASAP! IF YOU ARE A NEW RECRUIT AND HAVE NOT SEEN THIS LET AN NCO OR CO KNOW ASAP!

Attendance: With the new attached duties, new website, FSE, principles and new focus we are now taking attendances for Linebattles. This duty is done by the "Muster Master", a duty usually attached to the Colour Serjeant, however is attached to Serjeant Major MacGregor for now. While also being the principle man for "poking" members on Steam to get into TeamSpeak, he will be taking attendance prior to Linebattles and Training. You are required to be in TeamSpeak and on our Server 5 minutes before Training and Linebattles then a roll-call will commence. If you are late for this then your attendance may not be accepted, if you are late please let the Muster-Master know asap. A poor lack of attendance over the span of 6 Linebattles and you will be demoted or removed from the Regiment.

If you cannot make a Linebattle you are to let the Muster Master or CO know ASAP! Failure to do so will only aggravate the Officers, Muster Master and result in a poor attendance record.

Attached Duties: Along with the new Muster-Master duty, we have other new attached duties, they can be seen on the FSE Thread; go find out what they are and what they do! 

A final note: With these new additions and changes to the Regiment, the Company Staff are focusing on a new drive for the Regiment. Better attendance, dicipline and general common sense. If you are online you are expected to be active (for recruiting sessions, linebattles etc), if you're going to be late or unable to attend at all let a CO or Muster Master know asap. We will be hitting hard on people that do not make the effort, it is unfair on those that do.

Recruiting is also going to a focus over the next while. More people that participate in recruiting results in better recruiting - fact. Officers take note of who help the Regiment and who doesn't. The more members we have, the more we can do: formations, multiple companies, more promotions,  better Linebattles!

Thanks, Officer Staff.
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